Jakarta, 6 Rabiul Awwal 1434 H/18 January 2013 (MINA) – Heavy rain all day Thursday has caused massive flooding in most of Jakarta areas, killing at least five people and displacing thousands of people across DKI Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia.
The National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) said floods have made five victims dead and 94,624 people displaced from their houses. They had been moved to nearby mosques, government buildings and temporary shelters.
The dead victims are Inah (82) residents of Kampung Pulo , Jatinegara, Mujiyo (46) resident Kedaung Kaliangke because of electrical shock, Solahuddin (35) resident Kalibata Pulo because of electric shock. Angga (13) resident of North Tanjung Duren who drowned into river, and Muhammad Haikal (2) resident Kedaung Kaliangke because he falled from his bed while sleeping in his flooded house.
Based on data BNPB, flooding has inundated 44 villages in 25 districts. The population of the flooded areas reaches 25,276 households .
The floods have soaked most areas of Jakarta. Until Thursday 15:00 pm, Karet Water Gate was still standby at level 1 with the water height level of 710 cm. The Pasar Ikan Water Gate still was still standby level 3 with the height of 175 cm level.
In Manggarai, Ciliwung river water levelhad gone down to 930 cm with a standby status II as well as the Katulampa dam was back to normal with standby status IV with a water level height of 80 cm.
World Bank Supports Flood Mitigation Efforts in Jakarta
The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors have approved a project to clean out a number of major waterways in Jakarta, in support of the provincial government’s flood management system, according to the World Bank Press Release published in Washington early last year.
The Jakarta Urgent Flood Mitigation Project – also known as the Jakarta Emergency Dredging Initiative, or JEDI – will help dredge about 67.5 km of 11 key channel sections and 65 hectares of four retention basins, to help restore their operating capacities.
The World Bank Press Release, that was received by Mi’raj News Agency (MINA), says about 42 km of embankments will also be repaired. All these activities will take place in the priority sections of Jakarta’s flood management system.
“Studies show that the most beneficial step for flood mitigation in Jakarta is to rehabilitate the city’s flood management system back to its original design capacity. In addition to dredging, flood mitigation would also benefit from routine operation and maintenance,” explains Fook Chuan Eng, Senior Water and Sanitation Specialist at the World Bank’s Office in Jakarta.
About 3.4 million cubic meters of sediment are expected to be dredged out of the waterways and basins. All sections of project sites will be tested prior to dredging. Non-hazardous materials will be disposed in a monitored confined disposal facility in Ancol, North Jakarta. Any solid waste and any hazardous materials found will each be disposed of at separate specialized disposal facilities.
While all efforts will be made to minimize the number of affected persons, any unavoidable involuntary resettlement will adhere to a Resettlement Policy Framework prepared by the DKI Jakarta provincial government.
This framework is consistent with international best practices for involuntary resettlement. People displaced by the project will be given access to adequate housing. If the relocation affects their income sources/livelihoods, transitional support will also be given. Involuntary resettlement is expected at six out of the 15 project sites.
“This project marks the World Bank’s first engagement with the Jakarta provincial government in helping solve the capital city’s complex flood and urban development issues” says Stefan Koeberle, World Bank Country Director for Indonesia.
“The project’s physical scope is relatively modest but does help address some of the more technical challenges in mitigating floods in Jakarta. For example, this project introduces a new funding arrangement which allows the Indonesian government to finance projects led by provincial governments. Strong environmental and social safeguards are also in place. By helping with these technical issues, the World Bank hopes to contribute to a sustainable DKI Jakarta effort to mitigate floods, and alleviate the related economic and human toll.”
The Jakarta Urgent Flood Mitigation Project will be financed by a loan worth $139.64 million. The Indonesian central government and DKI Jakarta provincial government will contribute an additional US$49.71 million.
Jakarta suffers from recurrent flooding, with especially devastating flood events in January 1996, February 2002 and February 2007. The 2007 event inundated about 36% of the city, affected more than 2.6 million people and forced 340,000 people to flee their homes. Over 70 people died and outbreaks of disease affected over 200,000 people, with losses estimated at US$900 million. (T/R-025/R-006)
Mi’raj News Agency (MINA)